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引用本文:贺义雄,阮佳航,谢素美,徐敏,陈翔宇,刘佰琼.海洋生态产品政策的经济效应: 提升供给效率与实现共同富裕——基于中国沿海省份的数据分析[J].海洋科学,2022,46(12):74-87.
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海洋生态产品政策的经济效应: 提升供给效率与实现共同富裕——基于中国沿海省份的数据分析
贺义雄,阮佳航,谢素美,徐敏,陈翔宇,刘佰琼
1.浙江海洋大学 经济与管理学院, 浙江 舟山 316022;2.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海), 广东 珠海 5190001;3.南京师范大学 海洋科学与工程学院, 江苏 南京 210023;4.国家海洋局南海规划与环境研究院, 广东 广州 510310
摘要:
为探讨海洋生态产品政策工具的经济效应, 尤其是对提升其供给效率与实现共同富裕的叠加影响, 本文在设计理论分析框架的基础上, 基于中国沿海省、自治区、直辖市2009—2019年的数据分析, 利用计量方法研究了共同富裕、海洋生态产品供给效率、海洋生态产品政策之间的作用机制和影响机理。结果显示: 海洋生态产品政策可显著提升中国海洋生态产品供给效率, 促进共同富裕; 海洋生态产品政策在各区域的经济效应显著度呈东海-环渤海-南海依次递减的情况; 产业结构、人均受教育年限、人口总数、人均存款、人均贷款、人均财政支出、人均财政收入、少数民族地区情况等因素均会对海洋生态产品政策的经济效应产生影响。提出建议: 明确优化提升海洋生态产品供给效率和促进实现共同富裕的政策目标; 研究有利于优化提升海洋生态产品供给效率和促进实现共同富裕的政策工具; 做好区域海洋生态产品政策的构建与完善工作。
关键词:  海洋生态产品  经济效应  供给效率  共同富裕
DOI:10.11759/hykx20220824004
分类号:F205
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(42006183); 浙江省省属高校基本科研业务费项目(2021RD001)
Economic effects of marine ecological product policies: improving supply efficiency and realizing common prosperity —Data analysis based on China's coastal provinces
HE Yi-xiong1,2,3, RUAN Jia-hang1,2, XIE Su-mei4,5, XU Min4, CHEN Xiang-yu5, LIU Bai-qiong4
1.College of Economics &2.Management, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China;3.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519001, China;4.School of Marine Science and Engineering, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;5.South China Sea Institute of Planning and Environmental Research, State Oceanic Administration, Guangzhou 510300, China
Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the economic effects of marine ecological product policy tools, specifically for improving the supply efficiency of marine ecological products and realizing common prosperity. Based on the theoretical analysis framework designed and data analysis of China's coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities from 2009 to 2019, the interaction and influence mechanisms among common prosperity, supply efficiency of marine ecological products, and marine ecological product policies were investigated using spatial measurement methods. The results demonstrate that: (1) Marine ecological product policy has significant economic effects on improving the supply efficiency of marine ecological products and on promoting common prosperity, (2) Considering sub-regional studies, the economic effects of marine ecological product policies are decreasing in the order of the East China Sea, Bohai Sea, and South China Sea, and (3) Industrial structure, per capita education years, total population, per capita savings, per capita loans, per capita fiscal expenditure, per capita fiscal revenue, ethnic minority areas, and other factors will have an impact on the economic effect of marine ecological product policy. Hence, the following countermeasures are suggested: (1) optimize policy goals to improve the supply efficiency of marine ecological products and promote the realization of common prosperity, (2) develop policy tools to improve the supply efficiency of marine ecological products and promote common prosperity, and (3) improve the development of regional marine ecological product policies.
Key words:  marine ecological product policy  economic effect  supply efficiency  common prosperity
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