首页 | 期刊介绍 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 常用下载 | 过刊浏览 | In English
引用本文:冯俊乔,鲁云龙,官聪,袁欣,惠玉超,武杰.副热带太平洋海气变异对ENSO影响的研究进展和展望[J].海洋科学,2020,44(8):1-7.
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 91次   下载 57 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
副热带太平洋海气变异对ENSO影响的研究进展和展望
冯俊乔1,2,3,4, 鲁云龙1,2,5,3, 官聪1,2,3,4, 袁欣1,2,5,3, 惠玉超1,2,5,3, 武杰1,2,5,3
1.中国科学院 海洋环流与波动重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院海洋研究所, 山东 青岛 266071;3.中国科学院 海洋大科学研究中心, 山东 青岛 266071;4.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 海洋动力过程与气候功能实验室, 山东 青岛 266237;5.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
摘要:
El Niño-Southern Oscillation(ENSO)是热带太平洋海气作用最强的年际信号,其变化会引起全球气候异常,对东亚季风具有重要影响。2000年后中部型El Niño频繁发生,掀起了ENSO多样性研究热潮;El Niño的复杂性也对ENSO理论研究和预测提出了新的挑战。为进一步理解并深入研究ENSO物理机制,本文总结了近年来对两类ENSO的最新认识;特别对副热带太平洋通过海气界面“大气桥”和太平洋副热带-热带经向环流圈的内部经向翻转环流这一“海洋通道”与热带太平洋建立联系的相关成果进行了阐述,并对存在的关键问题进行了展望。
关键词:  太平洋副热带-热带经向翻转环流  副热带南太平洋经向模  副热带北太平洋经向模  ENSO
DOI:10.11759/hykx20191213001
分类号:P731
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41976027,41476017)
Influence of subtropical Pacific variability on ENSO: Review and advance
FENG Jun-qiao1,2,3,4, LU Yun-long1,2,5,3, GUAN Cong1,2,3,4, YUAN Xin1,2,5,3, HUI Yu-chao1,2,5,3, WU Jie1,2,5,3
1.Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Waves, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;4.Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao), Marine Dynamics Process and Climate Functional Laboratory, Qingdao 266237, China;5.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:
The El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the strongest air-sea coupled interannual signal in the tropical Pacific. Its variation can induce severe global climate change and has a significant impact on the eastern Asian monsoon. Compared to the eastern Pacific El Niño, the occurrence frequency of the central Pacific El Niño has in-creased since 2000. The complexity of ENSO brings new challenges for its theoretical studies as well as its prediction. This paper reviews the related studies on two types of ENSO. We particularly pay attention to the influence of the subtropical variability on ENSO, through both the “atmospheric bridge” and “ocean tunnel.” The North Pacific meridional mode (NPMM) and South Pacific meridional mode (SPMM) are two important components linking the subtropical and tropical Pacific via air-sea interaction; the interior branch of the subtropical-tropical cells (STC) is the important “ocean tunnel.” The scientific issues are proposed, providing a reference for further study.
Key words:  subtropical-tropical Pacific meridional overturning circulation  subtropical South Pacific meridional mode (SPMM)  subtropical North Pacific meridional mode (NPMM)  ENSO
版权所有 《海洋科学》编辑部 Copyright©2008 All Rights Reserved
主管单位:中国科学院 主办单位:中国科学院海洋研究所
地址:青岛市南海路七号  邮编:266071  电话:0532-82898755  E-mail:marinesciences@qdio.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司