首页 | 期刊介绍 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 常用下载 | 过刊浏览 | 期刊订阅 | In English
引用本文:张盾,吴佳佳.海洋环境微生物腐蚀机理研究进展.海洋与湖沼,2020,51(4):821-828.
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 91次   下载 93 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
海洋环境微生物腐蚀机理研究进展
张盾1,2, 吴佳佳1,2
1.中国科学院海洋研究所 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心 青岛 266071
摘要:
微生物腐蚀(microbiologically influenced corrosion,MIC)是海洋环境中一种非常重要的腐蚀形式,其是微生物、环境、材料共同作用的结果,本文自MIC对海洋环境、菌株、材料性质的依赖性三个方面概述其机理的研究进展。在MIC对海洋环境的依赖性方面,突出溶解氧浓度和营养水平的影响规律与机制。在MIC对菌株的依赖性方面,首先介绍典型单菌株的腐蚀影响机制,然后分析混合菌株间不同菌株的腐蚀协同与拮抗作用,最后阐述复杂微生物群落的影响。在MIC对材料性质的依赖性方面,在总结基体化学成分与结构影响的基础上,介绍对MIC有抑制作用的典型表面的特性及其作用机制。
关键词:  海洋腐蚀  微生物腐蚀  环境  菌株  材料性质
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20200300061
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金,41806087号,51771180号,U1906226号;国家重点研发计划,2016YFB0300604号;美丽中国生态文明建设科技工程专项,XDA23050104号。
RESEARCH PROGRESS ON THE MECHANISMS OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION IN MARINE ENVIRONMENT
ZHANG Dun1,2, WU Jia-Jia1,2
1.Institute of Oceanology, Chinise Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinise Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
Microbilogically influenced corrosion (MIC) is a very substantial corrosion pattern in marine environment, and it is a joint consequence of microorganism, environment, and material factors. In this paper, we reviewed the research progress on MIC mechanisms from the aspects of marine environment, bacterial strains, and material characteristics. The impact rules and function mechanisms of dissolved oxygen concentration and nutrient level were focused in the view of marine environment dependence of MIC. For the dependence of MIC on bacterial strains, the corrosion impact mechanisms of typical pure strains were introduced, and then corrosion synergistic and antagonism among different strains in mixed cultures were analyzed. The effect of microbial communities with complex structures was described. In addition, dependence of MIC on material characteristics was discussed from two aspects:substrates and surfaces. To our understanding, the former is related to chemical compositions and structures of substrates, while the latter refers to the mechanisms of the features and functions of typical surfaces inhibiting MIC.
Key words:  marine corrosion  microbiologically influenced corrosion  environment  bacterial strain  material characteristic
版权所有 《海洋与湖沼》编辑部 Copyright©2008 All Rights Reserved
主管单位:中国科学技术协会 主办单位:中国海洋湖沼学会 中国科学院海洋研究所
地址:青岛市南海路七号  邮编:266071  电话:0532-82898753  E-mail:ols@qdio.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司