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引用本文:尹宝树,何宜军,侯一筠,程明华,苏京志,林 祥.推算波浪多年一遇波高的新方法.海洋与湖沼,2002,33(1):30-35.
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推算波浪多年一遇波高的新方法
尹宝树, 何宜军, 侯一筠, 程明华, 苏京志, 林 祥
中国科学院海洋研究所
摘要:
采用卫星遥感推算多年一遇波高的新方法,对中国近海多年一遇波高进行推算研究。运用卫星遥感散射计得到的风资料推算了整个渤海区域波浪多年一遇的波高分布。通过与有实测资料4个点推算的结果比较表明:卫星资料和实测计算的误差随着重现期的增大而减小,最大误差百年和50年一遇波高为20cm;而百年和50年一遇波高正是工程中最为关心的,说明运用卫星遥感散射计风资料推算渤海多年一遇波高可行且结果合理。本研究方法为进一步运用和完善卫星遥感资料推算中国近海多年一遇波高场提供了一条新途径。
关键词:  卫星遥感法,多年一遇,波高推算
DOI:10.11693/hyhz200201005005
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目,49634140和40076005号;中国科学院知识创新项目,KZCX2-202
A NEW METHOD OF RETURN PERIOD WAVE HEIGHT CALCULATION
YIN Bao-Shu, HE Yi-Jun, HOU Yi-Jun, CHENG Ming-Hua, SU Jing-Zhi, LIN Xiang
Institute of Oceanology,The Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
Wave heights of different return periods are one of the most important design parameters for ocean engineering. Traditional two practices of return period wave height acquisition are based upon observation data analysis and numerical simulation. The main problems for the two methods in the practical use are difficult to obtain the extreme value wave height sequences of successive 15 years. However, the development of satellite remote sensing is making up the defects of the above-mentioned methods. Now altimeter and synthetic aperture radar are difficult to be used to make calculation of return period wave heights due to poor resolution and repetition rate, but scatterometer can offer wind fields of large area and long periods. In this study scatterometer wind data, for the first time, are used to calculate return period wave heights in combination with effective wind-wave relation available in the Bohai sea. It is demonstrated that the differences of wave heights calculated by satellite data and measured data for the return period of 100 years and 50 years are 20cm, respectively, which shows that the developed approach of using scatterometer wind data to calculate return period wave heights for the Bohai sea is practicable and reasonable. However, for a high spatial resolution return period wave height fields in the coastal area of China seas, it is necessary to combine satellite remote sensing method with some method of coastal wave propagation calculation.
Key words:  Satellite remote sensing method, Return period, Wave height calculation
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