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基于STM32的浮标及其定日光伏控制系统设计
虞丽娟, 李世超, 陈成明, 曹守启, 李佳佳
上海海洋大学工程学院
摘要:
浮标在维护海洋环境以及海洋资源勘探和利用中发挥着重要作用,太阳能发电作为海洋浮标的主要供电方式,提高其对太阳能的利用率尤为重要。本文设计了一种定日光伏系统的控制方案,采用STM32嵌入式单片机作为控制核心,结合浮标的特制外形,其太阳能电池板能够始终向着太阳转动,最大限度的为浮标进行供电。所述的浮标特制外形由带有对称肋板的浮标体和透明保护罩组成,提高了浮标的抗变形能力,减弱了太阳能电池板转动引起的反转及左右摇摆趋势。该系统经试验及仿真分析,供电可靠,运行稳点,有良好的推广应用价值。
关键词:  浮标  STM32  定日  太阳能发电  结构设计
DOI:10.11759/hykx20180824002
分类号:TM615
基金项目:上海市科技兴农重点攻关项目(201314-2);上海市青年科技英才扬帆计划资助(18YF1409900);上海市科委2017年度“创新行动计划”地方院校能力建设项目“海洋环境监测用电浮标系统关键技术研究及应用示范”(17050502000)
Buoy and Tingri Photovoltaic Control System Design Based on STM32
Yu Lijuan, Li Shichao, Chen Chengming, Cao Shouqi, Li Jiajia
Shanghai Ocean University College of Engineering Science and Technology
Abstract:
buoys play an important role in the maintenance of the marine environment and the exploration and utilization of marine resources. As the main power supply mode of the ocean buoys, solar power generation is particularly important to improve the utilization of solar energy. In this paper, a control scheme for the solar system is designed. The STM32 embedded microcontroller is used as the control core and the special shape of the buoy is combined. The solar panel can always turn to the sun and supply the buoy to the maximum. The special shape of the buoy is made up of a buoy body with a symmetrical rib plate and a transparent protective cover, which improves the anti deformability of the buoy, and reduces the reversal and left and right swaying trend caused by the rotation of the solar panel. The system has been tested and simulated, and the power supply is reliable and stable. It has good popularization and application value.
Key words:  Buoys  STM-32  Chasing the sun  Solar power  Equilibrium ring  Structural design
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